The American Theological Library Association (Atla) Historical Monographs Collection: Series 2 consists of more than 15,000 titles published from 1894 through 1923. It presents a comprehensive picture of the growing interest in and understanding of Eastern religions from the late 1800s to the early 1900s and also highlights significant shifts in the religious identification of Americans, and of new interest in and experimentation with non-western religions. The collection offers a comprehensive view of the historical critical method, the foundation for all twentieth century biblical scholarship. The year 1893 marked the first experience many westerners had with Eastern religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, and Ba’haism. Besides the English translations of their holy writings, commentaries, histories, and biographies, numerous volumes in the collection are written by Muslims to introduce Islam to the West, explaining its system of worship and law, providing biographical information about Muhammed, outlining the history of Islam in the West. The American Theological Library Association (Atla) Historical Monographs Collection: Series 2 includes hundreds of volumes describing the evangelical movement and collections of sermons including covering the debates between science and religion in the current day that has its roots in the late nineteenth century. There was a tremendous wave of missionary activity that swept the United States in late Nineteenth century. The collection contains a significant number of titles that describe the missionary activities of the period, offering a rich portrait of the most active period of mission activity in the history of the Christianity. There are numerous biographies of nineteenth century theologians which provide perspective on how and why these leaders were valued in the nineteenth century.  It offers a unique collection of books by and about women and the church. It also includes books about Native Americans and their religion and the view that Puritans and others held about Native Americans and their religion. Topics like Jewish laws, music, literature, and history are also well covered in the collection.